900 million Indians, more than the population of Europe, live in 2 rooms or less: Report
About 900 million Indians, or nearly 75 per cent of India’s households – with an average family size of five – live in two rooms or less, according to data from the 2014 baseline survey for Sample Registration System of the Census of India released by the government in June 2016.
Data on the average size of rooms is not available with the Census of India. There does not appear to be a correlation between income and the size of homes, with some of India’s poorer states boasting larger homes than richer states and vice versa.
Here’s What You Need To Know
- Of the 900 million, 630 million, or more than half of all households, live in rural areas. 262 million out of these, or 20 per cent, live in urban areas.
- No more than 106 million urban households, or 9 per cent of all Indian households, live in homes with more than three rooms.
- About 185 million Indians in rural areas, or 15 per cent of all Indian households, live in houses with three or more rooms.
- Kerala has India’s largest homes. The people of Kerala – India’s seventh-richest by per capita income – live in India’s largest homes.
- As many as 79 per cent of rural households and 84 per cent of the urban population in Kerala live in houses with more than three rooms, data from the 2014 baseline survey for Sample Registration System of the Census of India shows.
- Kerala is followed by Jammu and Kashmir and Assam – 21st and 27th in terms of per capita income – with 66 per cent and 34 per cent rural, and 60 per cent and 45 per cent of the urban population living in relatively larger houses.
- Jharkhand, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh are the only states among the 23 big states for which the data has been released where more than half of all families live in two-room houses, both in rural and urban areas.
- In Tamil Nadu, Bihar and West Bengal, 48 per cent, 44 per cent and 43 per cent of the population lives in one room or no room – which could mean they are homeless.
- Urban Maharashtra has the smallest houses. Of India’s states, Maharashtra has the highest proportion of urban population that is homeless or lives in one room: Half.
- Maharashtra also has the maximum proportion of “urban slum units” (blocks of population living in slums), with 53 per cent of all homes in slums, largely due to the slums that proliferate in the Mumbai metropolitan region, home to about 19 million people.
- With 43 per cent of its urban population living in one room or homeless, Tamil Nadu follows Maharashtra; West Bengal is next with 38 per cent homeless or in one-room homes.
Source: India Today
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